Sunday, 9 April 2017

Japanese TRX use JIS not Phillips screws

Japanese TRX use JIS not Phillips screws


Ever wonder why it is so easy to damage a screw on a Japanese made radio using a Phillips head screwdriver? Obscure, but simple, they use JIS screws not Phillips!

I haven't checked, but I think they are on made-in-Japan cars, certainly lots of other gear.

JIS screws, which pre-date Phillips by 20 years, usually have a dot or other indent on the head.

The solution is simple, buy a set of JIS screwdrivers, about $25 on eBay.


http://themtblab.com/2016/01/tools-vessel-jis-screwdriver.html

RF tap for panadaptor/second SDR after IC-7300 bandpass filters

RF tap for panadaptor/second SDR after IC-7300 bandpass filters (First draft)

Introduction

It is possible to tap into the IC-7300 after the bandpass filters, just before the ADC. There is a coax connector that allows an SDR tap to receive the filtered RX signal. It is shared with the low-level TX path, but the levels are low, giving a TX monitor too. Using CAT controls, the SDR can be controlled by the TRX. It can also operate as a second RX in the operating band. The RF tap is an alternative to the INRAD RX7300-receive antenna cable, with some advantages and disadvantages.

Finding the RF tap

In an SDR-based TRX there is no IF tap point, but on the IC-7300, there is a RF tap point after the band pass filter and RF amplifier, where an SDR has the good filtering of the IC-7300, but can access the whole operating band.

The RF tap point J1431 is shown in a portion of the RF unit schematic from the service manual. The schematic shows the RX, TX and power paths in green, brown and red respectively.


 
The connector on the board is clearly marked and accessible. There is plenty of room and a frw spots to tap 12 V if an isolation amplifier is used.


As can be seen from the schematic, the tap point is shared by both the RX and TX signal paths. However, the TX signal level is low, easily handled by a spectrum analyser of an SDR, an SDRPlay in my case. I just used an oscilloscope probe on a spectrum analyzer then the SDRPlay both working well. I forgot to take photos but will do so in due course.

I have been waiting on getting a TMP plug and socket to make a proper connection, together with an isolation amplifier, like those from Clifton labs; common for IF taps (but are no longer available). See http://vk4zxi.blogspot.com.au/2013/11/sdrs-at-first-if-of-trx-as-panadator.html

TMP- Taiko Denki Connectors https://www.therfc.com/taiko.htm $1-50 each

Given that the tap is shared between RF and TX, I would be interested in the views of RF engineers of any potential problems with RX and TX level controls, as the tap could affect the circuit.

Possibilities!

The RF tap can be used in many ways:

  1. The post obvious is as a panadaptor for the TRX. It is protected by the band pass filters of the IC-7300, as many SDRs don't have much, if any, input filtering. However, in means the SDR can only be used in the operating band. Using CAT controls and the likes of HDSDR, the SDR will track the IC-7300 and allow control from either device as per the post above.
  2. The SDR can be used as a second receiver in the same band. One could be set narrow, the other wide. With SDR software it is usually possible to have multiple receivers, so you can have as many as you like.
  3. The SDR can act as a small-signal monitor of the TX signal, as it is in the TX path as well.
An RF tap can be done on most TRX. I originally considered the idea for my IC-7100.

Discussion

The RF tap seems pretty much the ideal way of getting a panadaptor/CAT control for the IC-7300.

The RF tap does not require modification of the TRX, given the cable connections, so it can be taken out if the TRX needs to go for service.

Like the INRAD RX7300-receive antenna cable, it requires a splitter arrangement of some sort, as both are in the direct RX line.